1884 Season News

March 15 - Henry Chadwick writes in a newspaper column that a ground-keeper in St. Louis has started placing tarpaulins over the bases when it rains in order to keep them dry. Other clubs will follow suit and cover the pitching area and batter areas as well.

April 17 - The Union Association opens its inaugural season with 3 games.

May 1 - Moses Fleetwood Walker becomes the first black to play in the major leagues. Walker will play in 42 games for the Toledo Blue Stockings, have 152 at-bats and get 40 hits in his only season in major league baseball. Facing racism constantly, even his own teammates refuse to play with him. An injury in mid-July effectively ends Walker's season and he is later released. No other African-American will play in the major leagues until Jackie Robinson in 1947.

May 29 - The Chicago White Stockings hit 5 over-the-fence home runs in their home opener against the Detroit Wolverines. The White Stockings new ground rule allows a home run instead of a double for any ball hit in the air over the 180' left field fence or the 215' right field fence. After Chicago increases their home run output from 13 in 1883 to 142 this season, the National League will mandate a minimum fence distance of 210 feet beginning in 1885.

May 31 - Altoona Mountain City disbands and drops out of the Union Association and is replaced by the Kansas City Unions. Teams leaving and entering will become a recurring theme during the UA's one and only season.
1884 American Association
Team Record PCT
New York Metropolitans 75-32 .701
Columbus Buckeyes 69-39 .639
Louisville Eclipse 68-40 .630
Cincinnati Red Stockings 67-40 .626
St. Louis Browns 68-41 .624
Baltimore Orioles 63-43 .594
Philadelphia Athletics 64-46 .570
Toledo Blue Stockings 46-58 .442
Brooklyn Atlantics 40-64 .385
Pittsburg Alleghenys 12-30 .286
Indianapolis Hoosiers 30-78 .278
Richmond Virginians 29-78 .271
Washington Nationals 12-51 .190
1884 National League
Team Record PCT
Providence Grays 84-28 .750
Boston Beaneaters 73-38 .658
Buffalo Bisons 64-47 .577
New York Gothams 62-50 .554
Chicago White Stockings 62-50 .554
Philadelphia Quakers 39-73 .348
Cleveland Blues 35-77 .313
Detroit Wolverines 28-84 .250
1884 Union Association
Team Record PCT
St. Louis Maroons 94-19 .832
Cincinnati Outlaw Reds 69-36 .657
Baltimore Monumentals 58-47 .552
Boston Reds 58-51 .532
Washington Nationals 47-65 .420
Chicago/Pittsburgh 41-50 .451
Philadelphia Keystones 21-46 .313
Kansas City Cowboys 16-63 .203
Milwaukee Brewers 8-4 .667
Altoona Mountain City 6-19 .240
St. Paul White Caps 2-6 .250
Wilmington Quicksteps 2-16 .111
American Association Teams Stats
Team W L PCT RS RS/G RA RA/G HR HRA AVG OBP SLG ERA BBA SOA FPCT DP
New York Metropolitans 75 32 0.701 734 6.86 423 3.95 22 15 0.262 0.298 0.349 2.46 119 611 0.907 n/a
Columbus Buckeyes 69 39 0.639 585 5.42 459 4.25 40 22 0.240 0.277 0.351 2.68 172 526 0.908 n/a
Louisville Eclipse 68 40 0.630 573 5.31 425 3.94 17 9 0.254 0.280 0.340 2.17 97 470 0.912 n/a
Cincinnati Red Stockings 68 41 0.624 754 6.92 512 4.70 36 27 0.249 0.281 0.326 3.33 181 308 0.911 n/a
St. Louis Browns 67 40 0.626 658 6.15 539 5.04 11 16 0.254 0.281 0.354 2.67 172 477 0.900 n/a
Baltimore Orioles 63 43 0.594 636 6.00 515 4.86 32 16 0.233 0.273 0.336 2.71 219 635 0.899 n/a
Philadelphia Athletics 61 46 0.570 700 6.54 546 5.10 26 16 0.267 0.294 0.379 3.42 127 530 0.901 n/a
Toledo Blue Stockings 46 58 0.442 463 4.45 571 5.49 8 12 0.231 0.263 0.305 3.06 169 501 0.900 n/a
Brooklyn Atlantics 40 64 0.385 476 4.58 644 6.19 16 20 0.225 0.260 0.292 3.79 163 378 0.889 n/a
Pittsburg Alleghenys 30 78 0.278 406 3.76 725 6.71 2 25 0.221 0.248 0.308 4.35 216 338 0.889 n/a
Indianapolis Hoosiers 29 78 0.271 462 4.32 755 7.06 20 30 0.211 0.240 0.268 4.20 199 479 0.889 n/a
Richmond Virginians 12 30 0.286 194 4.62 294 7.00 7 14 0.233 0.258 0.315 4.52 52 167 0.874 n/a
Washington Nationals 12 51 0.190 248 3.94 481 7.63 6 21 0.200 0.236 0.259 4.01 110 235 0.858 n/a
National League Teams Stats
Team W L PCT RS RS/G RA RA/G HR HRA AVG OBP SLG ERA BBA SOA FPCT DP
Providence Grays 84 28 0.750 665 5.94 388 3.46 21 26 0.241 0.293 0.315 1.61 172 639 0.918 n/a
Boston Beaneaters 73 38 0.658 684 6.16 468 4.22 36 30 0.254 0.289 0.351 2.47 135 742 0.920 n/a
Buffalo Bisons 64 47 0.577 700 6.31 626 5.64 39 46 0.262 0.298 0.361 2.95 189 534 0.904 n/a
New York Gothams 62 50 0.554 693 6.19 623 5.56 23 28 0.255 0.298 0.341 3.12 326 567 0.895 n/a
Chicago White Stockings 62 50 0.554 834 7.45 647 5.78 142 83 0.281 0.324 0.446 3.03 231 472 0.886 n/a
Philadelphia Quakers 39 73 0.348 549 4.90 824 7.36 14 38 0.234 0.272 0.301 3.93 254 411 0.888 n/a
Cleveland Blues 35 77 0.313 458 4.09 716 6.39 16 35 0.237 0.269 0.312 3.43 269 482 0.897 n/a
Detroit Wolverines 28 84 0.250 445 3.97 736 6.57 31 36 0.208 0.247 0.284 3.38 245 488 0.890 n/a
Union Association Teams Stats
Team W L PCT RS RS/G RA RA/G HR HRA AVG OBP SLG ERA BBA SOA FPCT DP
St. Louis Maroons 94 19 0.832 887 7.85 429 3.80 32 9 0.292 0.321 0.394 1.96 110 550 0.888 n/a
Cincinnati Outlaw Reds 69 36 0.657 703 6.70 466 4.44 26 17 0.223 0.260 0.286 2.38 90 503 0.882 n/a
Baltimore Monumentals 58 47 0.552 662 6.30 627 5.97 17 24 0.271 0.298 0.356 3.01 177 628 0.873 n/a
Boston Reds 58 51 0.532 636 5.83 558 5.12 19 17 0.245 0.272 0.310 2.70 110 753 0.868 n/a
Washington Nationals 47 65 0.420 572 5.11 679 6.06 4 16 0.236 0.260 0.309 3.44 168 684 0.875 n/a
Chicago/Pittsburgh 41 50 0.451 438 4.81 482 5.30 10 12 0.231 0.258 0.296 2.72 137 679 0.882 n/a
Philadelphia Keystones 21 46 0.313 414 6.18 545 8.13 7 7 0.237 0.259 0.284 4.63 105 310 0.841 n/a
Kansas City Cowboys 16 63 0.203 311 3.94 618 7.82 6 14 0.245 0.275 0.324 4.06 127 334 0.860 n/a
Milwaukee Brewers 8 4 0.667 53 4.42 34 2.83 0 1 0.180 0.201 0.235 2.25 13 139 0.892 n/a
Altoona Mountain City 6 19 0.240 90 3.60 216 8.64 2 3 0.248 0.266 0.301 4.68 52 93 0.862 n/a
St. Paul White Caps 2 6 0.250 24 3.00 57 7.13 0 1 0.199 0.232 0.253 3.17 27 44 0.872 n/a
Wilmington Quicksteps 2 16 0.111 35 1.94 114 6.33 2 4 0.175 0.208 0.232 3.04 18 113 0.859 n/a